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1950 - Information and Events from 1950
Events16 January — The BBC Light Programme first broadcasts the daily children's radio feature Listen with Mother.
India becomes a republic, severing ties with the United Kingdom.
Donald Hume is sentenced to imprisonment as an accessory to the murder of Stanley Setty, having dumped his dismembered body over the Essex marshes from a light aircraft.
8 February — George Kelly is sentenced to hang for the murder of the Cameo cinema manager in the Liverpool suburb of Wavertree, a conviction which will be quashed as unsafe 53 years later.
20 February — Ealing Studios release the film The Blue Lamp, introducing the character PC George Dixon, played by Jack Warner (with Dirk Bogarde as a young criminal).
21 February – Cunard liner RMS Aquitania arrives at the scrapyard in Faslane at the end of a 36 year career.
24 February — Clement Attlee wins the general election, giving Labour a second term in government after their election triumph in 1945. However, he retains power with a majority of just five seats, a stark contrast to the 146-seat majority that he gained when he came to power five years ago. Among the lost Labour seats is Bexley in Kent, which 33-year-old Conservative Party candidate Edward Heath seizes from Ashley Bramall.
1 March — The German-born theoretical physicist Klaus Fuchs, working at Harwell Atomic Energy Research Establishment, is convicted following a confession of supplying secret information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
6 March–8 March — The World Figure Skating Championships are held in London.
8 March — Carmaker Rover tests a revolutionary new turbine-powered concept car.
12 March — 80 of the 83 people on board an Avro Tudor V aircraft are killed when it crashes at Llandow in Glamorgan, making it the world's worst air disaster for the time.
16 March — The Gambols comic strip first appears in the Daily Express.
1 April — Corby, a village in Northamptonshire, is designated as the first new town in central England, providing homes for up to 40,000 people by the 1960s.
14 April — The Eagle comic first appears, featuring Dan Dare and Captain Pugwash.
29 April — Arsenal win the FA Cup with a 2–0 win over Liverpool at Wembley Stadium.
13 May — First Grand Prix held at Silverstone.
20 May — First package holiday air charter, by Vladimir Raitz of Horizon Holidays, from Gatwick Airport to Calvi, Corsica, for camping.
26 May — Motor fuel rationing comes to an end after 11 years, marking another stage in the phasing-out of rationing that was introduced in the wake of the Second World War.
6 June — The BBC Light Programme first broadcasts the popular radio comedy feature Educating Archie, with Max Bygraves.
7 June — Pilot episode of the series The Archers broadcast on BBC Radio. It will still be running sixty years later.
11 July — First broadcast of the popular BBC Television pre-school children's programme Andy Pandy.
24 June — World Cup opens in Brazil with the England national football team competing for the first time.
28 June — In the World Cup, the England national football team is humiliated by losing 1–0 to the United States in Belo Horizonte.
29 June — The England cricket team loses the Test Match by 326 runs to the West Indies at Lord's, an event commemorated in Lord Beginner's calypso Victory Test Match.
31 July — Sainsbury's opens the first purpose-built supermarket, at Croydon.
15 August — The Princess Elizabeth gives birth to her and her husband, The Duke of Edinburgh's second child, a princess.
19 August - The Football League season begins with four new members, taking membership from 88 to 92 across the four divisions.The new members are Colchester United, Gillingham (who lost their league status in 1938)Scunthorpe & Lindsey United and Shrewsbury Town.
27 August — The BBC makes its first television broadcast from the European continent.
4,000 British troops are sent to Korea.
The Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh's 14-day-old daughter is named as Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise. She was then known as Princess Anne of Edinburgh and is now The Princess Royal.
8 September — 116 miners trapped underground in a landslide at Knockshinnoch Castle colliery at New Cumnock in Ayrshire, Scotland.
Post-War soap rationing ends.
The first miners are rescued from Knockshinnoch Castle colliery.
11 September — The rescue operation from Knockshinnoch Castle colliery is completed, with all 116 miners saved.
1 October — Full-time military service by conscripted National Servicemen is extended to two years.
25 October — The Festival Ballet, later to become the English National Ballet, founded by Alicia Markova and Anton Dolin, makes its debut performance.
26 October — The rebuilt House of Commons, following its destruction by bombing in World War II, is used for the first time.
October — Alan Turing's paper Computing machinery and intelligence, proposing the Turing test, is published in Mind.
October — A group of Conservative politicians publishes the tract One Nation: a Tory approach to social policy.
November — Attempt to hold the Second World Peace Congress at Sheffield City Hall is thwarted by the British authorities preventing many international delegates from entering the country and it is relocated to Warsaw.
Bertrand Russell wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought".
Cecil Frank Powell wins the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method".
25 December — The Stone of Scone, the traditional coronation stone of Scottish monarchs, English monarchs and more recently British monarchs, is stolen from London's Westminster Abbey by a group of four Scottish students. It turns up in Scotland on 11 April 1951.
28 December — The Peak District is established as the first of the National parks of England and Wales